Nov. 23, 2008: A new marker along Mill Run Road
east of the Youghiogheny; a
new view of a previously visited marker along Mine Road west of the
Aug. 18, 2008: A new marker added to the list -- south of Point Marion, Pa., and east of U.S. Route 119.
May 15, 2008: Travel with me as
I explore seldom-seen corners of the area. Read
my writings and other musings.
April 15, 2008: exploretheline.com goes international! Read the article by Lynne Hall in the UK's Teesdale Mercury.
March 3, 2007: Hear my observations while walking
along The Line at Lake
Lynn Dam that holds back the waters of Cheat Lake. The dam sits
several yards into West Virginia.
The Mason-Dixon Line, surveyed by Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon from 1763-1767, effectively is the southern border of Pennsylvania (though Mason and Dixon also surveyed the western border of Delaware).
I call The Line between West Virginia and Pennsylvania "the forgotten frontier." While a great deal of information is available about the segment of The Line between Pennsylvania and Maryland, little is written about the "forgotten frontier," the Mason-Dixon Line between the Keystone State and West Virginia, which was born in 1863.
Did you know that travelers on Interstate 79 crossing the state line between Monongalia County, W.Va., and Greene County, Pa., see no indication they've crossed the Mason-Dixon Line? And in other locations, such as U.S. 19 north of Morgantown, there are few historic markers heralding what might be the most-famous border in the U.S. So how was this 18th-century work done? Mason and Dixon surveyed the line using ASTRONOMY!!
The western end of the Mason-Dixon Line was resurveyed by Cephas Sinclair from 1883 to 1885. The markers you may find on The Line were placed during this resurvey.
Why do I call Pennsylvania's southwest corner "the end" of the Mason-Dixon Line even though Mason and Dixon never got here?
It's because it's HERE they were headed.
Indians stopped Mason and Dixon's
survey in October, 1767, a team headed by David Rittenhouse and Andrew
Ellicott completed The Line to the southwest corner of Pa. The
Cornerstone (placed in the Cephas Sinclair Resurvey of 1883) is 5
degrees in longitude from the Delaware River -- which is the distance
that was awarded William Penn in his charter of 1681. No Mason and
was done westward beyond this point even though an "extension" serves
as the border between Wetzel and Marshall counties
in West Virginia. The Missouri Compromise of 1820 led to the general
perception that the Mason-Dixon Line runs through far-off states such
as Illinois. It does not! The actual surveying of The Line ended at the
southwest corner of Pennsylvania. From there the Rittenhouse-Ellicott
team began the survey of Pennsylvania's western border -- the Ellicott
updated Feb. 27, 2016. Photos copyright Pete Zapadka. Some photos by
Colleen Nelson. A special thanks to my inspiration, Amy Johns,
for whom I'll always cross The Line! Check out Amy's beautiful handmade jewelry.
Don't forget to use the JUMP STATION,
below, to access the other pages at the exploretheline.com. Thanks so
much for visting my tribute to the work of Charles
Mason and Jeremiah Dixon -- All the best, Pete.
The last crossings
(near Ned, Pa.)
Near the real end of The Line
From Ned to U.S.
19 and I-79
Near Mount Morris, Pa., and Morgantown
(Mason and Dixon's westernmost site)
The Dunkard Creek
(where Mason and Dixon were stopped)
From U.S. 19 and
To Chestnut Ridge
It forms Cheat Lake
West of The
If it was extended west to the Ohio River
Random crossings east of Chestnut Ridge
Where W.Va., Md. and Pa. meet
Delaware's southern border
Another end of The Line
Some are out of the way
Along Pa.'s western border
Back to the main page
The starting point
cross The Line
State and U.S. roads, Interstates
See what else is out there
Site last updated Feb. 27, 2016. Photos copyright Pete Zapadka. Some photos by Colleen Nelson.
A special thanks to my inspiration, Amy Johns, for whom I'll always cross The Line! Check out Amy's beautiful handmade jewelry.
Don't forget to use the JUMP STATION, below, to access the other pages at the exploretheline.com. Thanks so much for visting my tribute to the work of Charles Mason and Jeremiah Dixon -- All the best, Pete.